Re-use of Ancient Structures

Many ancient structures are repurposed in modern times, as they have been for centuries. For example, the World Heritage Site of the castle in Durham, England, is also a hall of residence for the local University students. However, this sort of use has a management plan, and alterations are conducted in a manner fitting to…

Explosives

Explosives can have horrific effects on ancient sites. The city of Aleppo in Syria is a World Heritage site, and has become a centre of fighting. The minaret of the Great Mosque is more than 1000 years old (Figure 1). Figure 1 (left): The minaret of the Great Mosque, Aleppo, Syria, 2011. (Copyright: Emesik, 2011)…

Deliberate Vandalism

The intentional damage and destruction of cultural heritage unfortunately occurs in North Africa and the Middle East. This is exemplified at Wadi Mathandusch in Libya, where Late Prehistoric rock art has been damaged by bullets (Figure 1). Figure 1: rock art at Wadi Mathandusch, Libya (Copyright: Andrew Wilson)