As the conflicts in the Middle East and North Africa stretch on, many people have been forced to flee their homes and have been placed in refugee camps. Some of these camps are now becoming permanent settlements with roads, a market street, and even coffee shops. The oldest UN refugee camp was built in 1948, and the people in it still dream of returning home. One new refugee camp is Zataari, in Jordan (Slideshow 1, Figure 1), which at its peak (July 2013) was estimated to house 144,000 people, although the 2015 estimate is nearer 83,000.

Figure 1: A 2009 aerial photograph (APAAME_20091019_DLK-0214 Jimal Stone Circle 2, Jimal Kite 3) shows two of the features now built over by the camp.

Slideshow 1 (below): Two images of the Zataari are presented. In the first, several stone enclosures and kites (drystone-walled areas for hunting animals) are visible on DigitalGlobe image satellite imagery from 2004. These structures were cleared to make way for the camp, seen in the 2014 DigitalGlobe image.

  • 1 Zaatari Jun 2004

  • 2 Zaatari Jan 2014 (zoomed out)